vachellia xanthophloea medicinal uses

The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegali… Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. The wood is hard and heavy and is used as timber and the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. Sweet Thorn Acacia. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae and is commonly known in English as the fever tree (local East African names include olerai, kimwea, murera, and mwelele). It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. The common name, fever tree, comes from its tendency to grow in swampy areas: early European settlers in the region noted that malarial fever was contracted in areas with these trees. The flowers produce lots of nectar and pollen for bee-farming and the honey has a pleasant flavour. It can be used alone as a feature tree, or grown to … Uses Other uses. Quick Links: Monograph Library | Advanced Monograph Search, Copyright © 2004 – 2020 All Rights Reserved, Swaziland (S), Limpopo Province (LIM), Mpumalanga Province (M), KwaZulu-Natal Province (KZN). Strelitzia 13. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Although so far, it has only been found in a few gardens and not in the "wild". Medicinal properties Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria. It measures 59 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet. Root decoctions are used to alleviate stomach complaints. (LC) According to the Red List of South African plants, Vachellia xanthophloea is not threatened and is assessed as Least Concern (LC). It is in flower from February to March. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. The act further requires that all sightings of Vachellia xanthophlea are to be reported to the appropriate authorities within 24 hours and that within Queensland everyone is obliged to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risk of Vachellia xanthophlea spreading until they have received advice from an authorised officer. [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. and Pottas-Bircher, C. (2002). [3] The gum is part of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season. The bark is used to treat dysentery and bacterial infections of the skin, such as leprosy. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, gingivitis, mouth sores and pharyngitis. Oct 22, 2018 - Acacia xanthophloea (presently Vachellia xanthophloea) - Fever tree Common names: Umbrella Thorn, Umbrella Acacia, Curly-pod Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek. Traditional Medicinal Uses of … Banfi & Galasso: 1 Medicinal plant reference(s) include this non-scientific name: Medicinal plant references: Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched … It differs from other Acacia species in the color of the bark of its trunk which has a yellowish to greenish color and in its fruits, which are … We met her through a friend who is a strong supporter of special plants in South Africa. Common names: Fever tree, Fever-tree Acacia, Koorsboom, Sulphur bark. [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. It is a very … [3] It is one of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the bark. Vachellia karroo. Medicinal A decoction of the bark is used to treat indigestion and sickle cell anaemia Due to increasing encroachment in its natural habitat, there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree. It is now understood that malarial fever is spread by mosquitos living in the swampy areas that often support this tree species, and not by the tree species itself. She and her family collect all the plants themselves. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) The gum is used as an aphrodisiac, to treat diarrhoea, as an emollient, and to treat hemorrhaging, inflammation of the eye, intestinal ailments, and rhinitis. (Pea, bean or legume family). Applied in a magical sense. [11] It is also a "declared pest" in Western Australia. If you want to move it to the top of the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. Acacia farnesiana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. Uses Gum arabic. Genus. Vachellia karroo, the Sweet Thorn, is, in cultivation, a medium to large single stemmed, deciduous tree. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. The timber is used to make poles … Medicinally, the roots and a powder made from bark stripped from the trunk are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. It is also used as a stimulant. The common nickname for this strain of Acacia came from the historic use of the plant when treating fevers. Acacia xanthophloea (Fever tree, Sulfur bark, African thorn tree) is a spiny medium-sized tree, erect, with an open crown that reaches a height of 25 m and a diameter of 60 cm at breast height. Our research also aimed at evaluating whether … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Traditional Medicinal Uses of Vachellia xanthophloea Indications: Administered to people only. [9], Butterflies recorded as feeding on Vachellia xanthophloea in Kenya included the Kikuyu ciliate blue (Anthene kikuyu), Pitman's hairtail (Anthene pitmani), common ciliate blue (Anthene definita), African babul blue (Azanus jesous), Victoria's bar (Cigaritis victoriae) and common zebra blue (Leptotes pirithous). The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa.It can be found in Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, … They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. Medicinal Use & Construction. The Fever Tree is a popular medicinal species in South Africa that is traded widely. Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. With a rounded crown that is often wider than it is tall. The genus name Acacia is derived from the Greek word acantha meaning spine, thorn or prickle and the species name xanthophloea is derived from the Greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. Acacia has been used in medicines, baking ingredients, tools, and woodwork for centuries. The timber is used to make poles and posts. Vachellia seyal occasionally hybridizes with V. xanthophloea. The tree is also used to produce wood used … Vachellia. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. We have an extensive database of Indigenous plants to help you find the perfect addition to your garden. For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Use the Plant Search at the top to search for a specific plant by title or keyword. Wood Arnold. Vachellia karroo is a useful and widespread tree in Africa. Acacia Xanthophloea: Other names for this plant are Vachellia Xanthophloea or the Fever tree. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). These kingdoms and tribes used acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, from making desserts to treating hemorrhoids. [10], Vachellia xanthophloea are planted next to dams and streams on farms to control soil erosion, as a live fence or hedge and in ornamental planting for shade and shelter in amenity areas. Dracaena aletriformis is not in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. And posts plant Search at the nodes and towards the ends of the skin, as... These kingdoms and tribes used Acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, from making desserts to hemorrhoids! Height of 15–25 m ( 29ft 6in ) at a fast rate tree, Fever-tree Acacia, Curly-pod Acacia Israeli. Is one of the diet of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby ( senegalensis... 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